Senegal is located in Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Mauritania. The country has a total area of 196,190 sq km, total land area of 192,000 sq km, and coastline area of 531 km. In other words, in size, Senegal is slightly smaller than South Dakota.

Senegal's land boundaries: total 2,640 km, The Gambia 740 km, Guinea 330 km, Guinea-Bissau 338 km, Mali 419 km, Mauritania 813 km. Note: The Gambia is almost an enclave of Senegal.
 
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Continental shelf: 200 nm, or to the edge of the continental margin
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
 

Territorial sea: 12 nm

International disputes: short section of the boundary with The Gambia is indefinite

Boundary with Mauritania in dispute.

 

In climate, Senegal is tropical; hot, humid. It has a rainy season (June to October) which has strong southeast winds; and, a dry season (November to May) dominated by the hot, dry harmattan wind.

Terrain
Generally low
Rolling, plains rising to foothills
in southeast
Natural hazards
Lowlands seasonally flooded
Periodic droughts
Natural resources
Fish
Phosphates
Iron ore
Gold
Oil, offshore

Land use
Arable land: 12.51%
Permanent crops: 0.24%
Other: 87.25% (2005)
Irrigated land: 1,200 sq km (2003)

Environment
Current issues:
Wildlife populations threatened by poaching
Deforestation
Overgrazing
Soil erosion
Desertification
Overfishing

International Agreements Biodiversity
Climate Change
Endangered Species
Hazardous Wastes
Law of the Sea
Marine Life Conservation
Nuclear Test Ban
Ozone Layer Protection
Wetlands
Whaling

Signed, but not ratified

Desertification
Marine Dumping

   

 
 
Railroads
Total: 905 km
Narrow gauge: 905 km 1.000-meter gauge (70 km double track)
Ports
Dakar
Kaolack
Matam
Podor
Richard-Toll
Saint-Louis
Ziguinchor
Inland waterways
897 km total
785 km on the Senegal
112 km on the Saloum

Airports
New international airport, near Dakar, to be built in the near future
Airports with paved runways
Total: 9
over 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 7
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2007)

 

Airports with unpaved runways
Total: 11
1,524 to 2,437 m: 6
914 to 1,523 m: 4
under 914 m: 1 (2007)

Roadways
total: 13,576 km
paved: 3,972 km (includes 7 km of expressways)
unpaved: 9,604 km (2003)

Highways
Total: 14,007 km
Paved: 3,777 km
Unpaved: crushed stone, improved earth 10,230 km
Merchant marine
Total: 1 bulk ship (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 1,995 GRT/3,775 DWT
 
 
 

In January 1994, Senegal undertook a bold and ambitious economic reform program with the support of the international donor community. This reform began with a 50% devaluation of Senegal's currency, the CFA franc, which was linked at a fixed rate to the French franc. Government price controls and subsidies have been steadily dismantled. After seeing its economy contract by 2.1% in 1993, Senegal made an important turnaround, thanks to the reform program, with real growth in GDP averaging over 5% annually during 1995-2007. Annual inflation had been pushed down to the low single digits. As a member of the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU), Senegal is working toward greater regional integration with a unified external tariff and a more stable monetary policy. High unemployment, however, continues to prompt illegal migrants to flee Senegal in search of better job opportunities in Europe. Senegal was also beset by an energy crisis that caused widespread blackouts in 2006 and 2007. The phosphate industry has struggled for two years to secure capital, and reduced output has directly impacted GDP. In 2007, Senegal signed agreements for major new mining concessions for iron, zircon, and gold with foreign companies. Firms from Dubai have agreed to manage and modernize Dakar's maritime port, and create a new special economic zone. Senegal still relies heavily upon outside donor assistance. Under the IMF's Highly Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) debt relief program, Senegal has benefited from eradication of two-thirds of its bilateral, multilateral, and private-sector debt. In 2007, Senegal and the IMF agreed to a new, non-disbursing, Policy Support Initiative program.

 
 
 
 

GDP
Purchasing power parity - $21.02 billion (2007 est.)
National product real growth rate: -4.6% (2007 est.)
National product per capita: $1,700 (2007est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices): -1.8% (2007 est.)

Unemployment rate: 48% (2007 est.)

Budget
Revenues: $2.614 billion
Expenditures: $3.036 billion (2007 est.)

Imports (food and beverages, capital goods, fuels)
$3.731 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import partners: France 22.2%, Netherlands 10%, China 7.4%, UK 6.2%, Thailand 5.2%, Belgium 4.5% (2007)

Industrial Production growth rate
5.2% (2007 est.)

External Debt
$2.19 billion (31 December 2007)

Commodities
Fish; Ground nuts (peanuts); Petroleum products; Phosphates; Cotton; Foods and beverages; Consumer goods; Capital goods; Petroleum

Industrial production
Growth rate 1.9% (1991 )
This accounts for 15% of GDP

Industries
Agricultural and fish processing
Phosphate mining, fertilizer production
Petroleum refining
Gold mining, iron ore, zircon
Building materials, ship construction and repair

Major products
Peanuts (cash crop); Millet Corn; Sorghum; Rice; Cotton; Tomatoes; Green vegetables

Currency
Since 1 January 1999, the Communaute Financiere Africaine (XOF) franc has been pegged to the euro at a rate of 655.957 XOF francs per euro
Exchange rates: CFA francs (XOF) per US dollar - 470 (end Dec 2008), 481.83 (2007), 522.89 (2006), 527.47 (2005), 528.29 (2004), 581.2 (2003)
note: since 1 January 1999, the XOF franc has been pegged to the euro at a rate of 655.957 XOF francs per euro

Exports fish, groundnuts (peanuts), petroleum products, phosphates, cotton
$1.65 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Export partners: Mali 18.9%, France 9.1%, Italy 5.9%, India 5.7%, Gambia, The 5.2% (2007)

Partners
France
Other EC countries
Cote d'Ivoire
Mali
Nigeria
Cote d'Ivoire
Algeria
China
Japan

External debt
$2.9 billion (1990)

Electricity
Production: 2.28 billion kWh (2006 est.)
Consumption: .657 billion kWh (2006 est.)

Oil Imports: 40,450 bbl/day (2005)
Oil Consumption : 36,200 bbl/day (2006 est.)
Oil Exports: 4,298 bbl/day (2005)

Natural Gas Production and Consumption : 50 million cu m (2006 est.)

Agriculture
20% of GDP

Economic aid
US commitments, including Ex-Im (FY70-89), $551 million
Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral commitments (1970-89), $5.23 billion
OPEC bilateral aid (1979-89), $589 million
Communist countries (1970-89), $295 million

 
 
 

Military branches:  
Army
Senegalese Navy (Marine Senegalaise),
Senegalese Air Force (Armee de l'Air du Senegal) (2008)

Military service age and obligation:  
18 years of age for compulsory and voluntary military service; conscript service obligation - 2 years (2004)

Manpower available for military service:  
males age 16-49: 2,943,619
females age 16-49: 2,955,179 (2008 est.)

 


Manpower fit for military service
males age 16-49: 1,866,602
females age 16-49: 1,947,076 (2008 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually: 
male: 141,832
female: 139,541 (2008 est.)

Military expenditures:   
1.4% of GDP (2005 est.)
 

Telephones - main lines in use: 269,100 (2007)
Telephones - mobile cellular: 4.123 million (2007)

Telephone system:  general assessment: good system
domestic: above-average urban system with a fiber-optic network; nearly two-thirds of all fixed-line connections are in Dakar where a call-center industry is emerging; expansion of fixed-line services in rural areas needed; mobile-cellular service is expanding rapidly; microwave radio relay, coaxial cable and fiber-optic cable in trunk system
international: country code - 221; the SAT-3/WASC fiber optic cable provides connectivity to Europe and Asia while Atlantis-2 provides connectivity to South America; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2007)

Radio broadcast stations: AM 8, FM 20, shortwave 1 (2001)
Television broadcast stations: 5 (2007) RTS, 2STV, WALF TV, DUNYA RDV and CANAL INFO.
Internet country code: .sn
Internet hosts: 217 (2008)
Internet users: 820,000 (2007)

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